Heart ablation surgery risks
Heart ablation surgery is a relatively safe surgery that has been performed thousands of times. It is marginally invasive and definitely a better risk than open heart surgery. The skill of the doctor and surgical crew plays a part in the overall safety of the procedure so choose that team wisely.
There are risks inherent in any surgery so this article is meant to inform of the possible situations that may occur due to the surgery. Starting with the sedative it is important for your doctor to know of any allergic reactions to any drugs that has occurred in the past. The doctor can then decide which form of sedation is best for you.
The point of insertion of the catheter tube can be a site for infection. All precautions will be taken to insure this does not happen , however, the possibility does exist. Of course bleeding is another possibility at this site as well.
The dye that is injected to allow the doctors to be able to more fully visualize the affected area on x-rays could cause liver damage in it exits from the blood system. Your doctor should be appraised of any liver problems.
As the catheter travels to the heart through the blood vessels some scraping may occur. Usually this is only a minor inconvenience, however, in some cases it can escalate to blood clots which may eventually clog the blood vessels. The increase in heart attack and stroke is a possible side of effect of these blood clots.
Once at the heart, the catheter could possibly puncture the heart. The doctors skill in this area goes without saying. Also during the procedure damage to the electrical system of the heart may lead to further arrhythmia worsening which may eventually require a pacemaker.
Another possible side effect could occur in the veins as a result of this surgery. Narrowing of the veins or pulmonary vein stenosis could effect blood flow between the heart and lungs.
Once again this is a relatively safe procedure and the risks of heart ablation surgery are minimal, however, these precaution are given to inform the patient of the possibilities. The doctor will have discussed this with the patient beforehand and will also mention that diabetes and being over the age of 75 are major risk factors.